The most common type of entity to be incorporated in Singapore and requires only one-time registration fees.  It is a legal separate entity, distinct structure with directors managing the business operations and shareholders for the contribution of capital.  Shareholders have limited liability.  This entity can legally be sued as a separate entity, thus reducing the risks of personal liabilities of the individuals.  As it requires more statutory filings and compliance, hence the maintenance cost of this entity is higher compared to the rest of the types of entities.  Companies are being classified into different categories as stated below:-

An entity which has at most 20 shareholders and none of the shareholders is a corporation.

It can also be a company the Minister has gazetted as an EPC (see section 4(1) of the Companies Act)

An entity that has a maximum number of shareholders limited to 50

An entity which its members contribute or undertake to contribute a fixed sum to the liabilities of the company by way of guarantee. It is commonly formed for carrying out non-profit making activities, such as for promoting art, charity etc.

A public company limited by shares can have more than 50 shareholders. The company may raise capital by offering shares and debentures to the public. A public company must register a prospectus with the Monetary Authority of Singapore before making any public offer of shares and debentures.

Statutory and Regulatory Compliance

Company are bounded by the Singapore Companies Act, Chapter 50.  The Company is required to have at least one local resident director (Singapore Citizen/Singapore P.R.), appoints a Company Secretary within 6 months of incorporation and to appoint an auditor within 3 months of incorporation (unless company is exempt from audit requirements). Company is also required to hold an Annual General Meeting and file its Annual Returns annually.  Audited or Unaudited Financial Statements are to be prepared accordingly to the Singapore Financial Reporting Standards (FRSs).  Below are some of the standard changes that are required to inform the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority of Singapore (ACRA):-

Change of Company Name

Appointment and Changes in Officers of the Company (Directors/CEO/Company Secretaries/Auditors)

Changes in Particulars of Officers of the Company (Directors/CEO/Company Secretaries/Auditors)

Change in Registered Office Address

Changes in Company Shares information

Changes in the Particulars of Shareholders of the Company

Registration and Satisfaction of Charges